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Facts about Homelessness in Toronto

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There are over 9,000+ people in Toronto who are homeless on any given night. There are many reasons why people become homeless – loss of employment, family break-up, family violence, mental illness, poor physical health, substance use, physical, sexual or emotional abuse just to name a few.

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Homelessness describes the situation of an individual, family or community without stable, safe, permanent, appropriate housing, or the immediate prospect, means and ability of acquiring it.

It is the result of systemic or societal barriers, a lack of affordable and appropriate housing, the individual/household’s financial, mental, cognitive, behavioural or physical challenges, and/or racism and discrimination. Most people do not choose to be homeless, and the experience is generally negative, unpleasant, unhealthy, unsafe, stressful and distressing.

The key driver of homelessness in Toronto is the economy and the housing market. Rental costs have increased dramatically over the past 10 years and a lack of affordable housing has increased to record high numbers. Majority of shelter users receive Ontario Works or Ontario Disability Support, however, social assistance rates don’t respond to local economic factors that contribute to the growing affordability gap. Affordability is the most significant challenge in helping move people out of shelters.

No one is safe from experiencing homelessness. It can happen to someone you know.

9,000+

of homeless people are sleeping outdoors, shelters and in emergency respite centres, and in health and correctional facilities every night

98%

occupancy rate in Toronto shelters every night

85,000+

people are on the subsidized housing waitlist

18.5%

Toronto households experience food insecurity

75%

experiencing homelessness struggle with mental illness

32%

of the homeless population are aged 45 - 64

10 years

the average wait for a 2-bedroom apartment

77%

of homeless people have been homeless for more than six months

10%

seniors and youth both represent of the homeless population

80

non-fatal overdoses in Homelessness Services settings

3,5

average deaths per week of people experiencing homelessness
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